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The amazing animals of Wadi Rum desert

agama lizard on a rock

Did you know that in the harsh environment of the Wadi Rum desert, live around 130 different animals and 120 birds? And that it also is a host to a wide variety of around 360 different species of plants? In future blogs, we will tell you more about the birds of Wadi Rum and the plants of Wadi Rum. For now, we focus on the fantastic animals of the Wadi Rum desert.

When you explore Wadi Rum, most likely, you will see camels and herds of goats and sheep. For seeing other wildlife, you will have to put in some effort. During the day, you can look for amongst other lizards and beetles. And at night, you might see mouses, gerbils, geckos, hedge hocks, and foxes. Spotting the bigger mammals is a challenge as they are fewer in number and shy. Most of them live in the outer areas of Wadi Rum. If you have an interest in animals, let your guide know. Then he can try to help you find the animals.

Wadi Rum desert reptiles


Although their numbers are not high, snakes are widespread in our desert. Maybe you consider this as luck because you are not too keen on an encounter with one of the ten species of snake. The Cerastes gasperttii and Echis coloratus are both poisonous vipers. But don’t worry, the vast majority of visitors never see one of these amazing animals.


It is much more likely to see harmless lizards like the Gecko, the Agama, and the big vegetarian spiny-tailed lizard. The Blue Agama is with a length of 35 cm quit large. If you are lucky, you can see one basking on rocks in the heat of the day. Or they are hiding in crevices. In the breeding season, the usual plain brown males develop dramatic, colorful markings—a bright orange head and neck, and their body changes to a stunningly exotic blue.


Wadi Rum desert is home to a total of eight types of scorpions. They can be found primarily under stones. From small yellow ones to large browns. The yellow’s give you the most painful sting. But like the snakes, few visitors see them at all.

Wadi Rum desert insects


The camel-spider is not dangerous to humans. Still, local Bedouin fear them. Mainly for its ability to harm their camels. Chances to see this beautiful spider are limited.


In the daytime, you can see the common black Blaps beetle with his very long legs. They cross open sand areas, where they tiptoe to keep its body of the hot ground. Just follow the tracks, and you will find them.

Other insects

Wadi Rum desert is also home to crickets, moths, ants, butterflies, and dragonflies.

The mammals of Wadi Rum desert

At night the small, furry mouse-like gerbils with their long back legs are active. Unless you go on a night tour, it is not likely you will see these fantastic animals. In the daytime, their holes are easy to spot by the distinctive tracks they make across the sand.

It takes effort to see Wadi Rum deserts bigger mammals. But there are quite amazing animals and a few who are worthy of looking out for:

  • Domesticated dromedarian camel
  • Red or Blandford’s fox
  • Arabian sand cat
  • Wild dogs
  • Nubian ibex (Capra ibex nubiana) – a mountain goat
  • Grey wolf (Canis lupus)
  • Arabian oryx – a variety of big white gazelles (only in captivity)
  • Hedgehogs
  • Hyrax
  • Hare

See various amazing animals on your Wadi Rum tour

Are you interested to see the amazing animals of our desert? Let your tour guide know you are. Within the chosen program, we can focus on wildlife. As they are wild animals, we cannot give any guarantee, though. But we will do whatever we can to find them and to show them to you.

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